The Maserati Ghibli is the name of three different cars produced by the Italian auto manufacturer: a V8 grand tourer from 1966 to 1973, a V6 twin-turbo coupé from 1992 to 1997, and the Maserati Ghibli executive sedan from 2013 on.
Many Maseratis are named after winds, and the Ghibli takes the Libyan name for the hot and dry Mediterranean wind that comes from the Sahara (which is also known as Sirocco).
The original Ghibli was a two-door, 2+2 V8-engined grand tourer which debuted at the 1966 Turin Motor Show. Sports Car International magazine named it number nine on its list of Top Sports Cars of the 1960s. Its steel body, with a low, shark-shaped nose, was designed by a young Giorgetto Giugiaro who would go on to design many more iconic cars such as the Lotus Esprit.
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The first Ghibli was powered by a front-engined quad-cam 4.7 liter V8 that produced 310 PS (228 kW; 306 bhp). It came with a five-speed manual or a three-speed automatic transmission. It had a 0-60 mph time of 6.8 seconds, and a top speed of 155 mph (250 km/h).
In all, 1,170 coupés and 125 Spyders were produced until it went out of production in 1973.
The Ghibli name was resurrected in 1992 as a two-door, four-seater coupé with a twin-turbo V6 engine. It was an evolution of the previous Biturbo coupé, with the doors, interior, and basic body shell carried over from the Biturbo.
The Ghibli was powered by an updated 24-valve Biturbo engine: a 2.0-liter V6 coupled to a six-speed manual transmission for the Italian market, and a 2.8-liter V6 for export, at first with a 5-speed manual, then from 1995 with a 6-speed. A 4-speed automatic was optional. The coupé featured Connolly leather upholstery and burl elm trim.
The design was refreshed for 1994 with an updated interior, new side mirrors, wider and larger 17" alloy wheels, a fully adjustable electronic suspension, and ABS brakes.
Two sport versions were introduced in 1995. The Ghibli Kit Sportivo, and the limited production Ghibli Cup. In 1996 the Ghibli GT arrived. It was fitted with 7-spoked 17" alloy wheels, black headlight housings, and had suspension and transmission modifications.
Production of the second generation Ghibli ceased in 1998.
The third generation of the Ghibli was unveiled at the 2013 Shanghai motor show.
The Ghibli marks Maserati's comeback in the luxury executive car segment after two decades of absence, since the last of the Biturbo family sedans went out of production in 1994.
The Ghibli is offered with three different 3.0-liter V6 engines: a twin-turbocharged 330 PS (257 kW; 345 hp) or 410 PS (301 kW; 404 hp) gas engine, and a 275 PS (202 kW; 271 hp) turbodiesel. This makes the Ghibli the first Maserati to be powered by a diesel engine.
A ZF eight-speed automatic transmission is standard on all models; all wheel drive is available with the most powerful V6, although not in right hand drive markets.
A Ghibli with the 345 hp V6 will do 0-60 in 5.5 seconds and has a top speed of 165 mph (266 km/h) according to the factory.
The sportier Ghibli S Q4 model has all-wheel drive and comes standard with the 404 hp twin-turbo V6 engine. The factory gives a 0-60 time of 4.7 seconds, with a top speed of 175 mph (282 km/h).
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Masearti Ghibli" and is a modified version of said article. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. This license does not apply to the accompanying photographs.